Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is a form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that was developed to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) and other conditions characterized by intense and unstable emotions. It is an evidence-based treatment that has been found to be effective in reducing symptoms such as self-harm, suicidal ideation, and impulsive behavior.
DBT is based on the idea that some people have difficulty regulating their emotions and struggle to balance the competing demands of their environment and their own needs. The therapy aims to help individuals to develop the skills they need to manage their emotions, improve their relationships, and achieve their goals.
DBT is a comprehensive treatment that includes individual therapy, group skills training, phone coaching, and consultation teams. The therapy is typically provided in weekly individual therapy sessions and weekly skills training groups that focus on teaching clients specific skills to help them regulate their emotions and behavior.
The skills taught in DBT include:
Mindfulness, which helps individuals to focus on the present moment and be aware of their thoughts and feelings without judgment.
Interpersonal effectiveness, which helps individuals to communicate effectively and assert their needs in relationships.
Emotion regulation, which helps individuals to identify and manage intense emotions.
Distress tolerance, which helps individuals to manage crisis situations and tolerate distress without engaging in self-destructive behaviors.
DBT is used not only for BPD but also for other conditions such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance abuse, eating disorders, and others.
It's important to note that DBT is a complex and intensive treatment that requires a high level of commitment from both the therapist and the client.